Nature has given cotton qualities that make it a smoother, softer and more comfortable choice. Cotton is a soft, fluffy fibre almost entirely made of cellulose that grows in a protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plant. Being among the finer fibres available naturally, cotton breathes, so cotton sheets feel cool against your skin. It is an eco-friendly, renewable resource which provides a livelihood for millions of people worldwide.
Fine linens begin with fine cotton, and the quality of the cotton depends on the length of the individual fibres, or staples – the longer the staple, the better the cotton, allowing the cotton to be spun into a finer-textured thread with more tensile strength, and woven into a softer, smoother and more supple fabric.
No one knows exactly how old cotton is. Scientists searching caves in Mexico found bits of cotton bolls and pieces of cotton cloth that proved to be at least 7,000 years old. They also found that the cotton itself was much like that grown in America today.
In the Indus River Valley in Pakistan, cotton was being grown, spun and woven into cloth 3,000 years BC. At about the same time, natives of Egypt’s Nile valley were making and wearing cotton clothing.
Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about 800 A.D. When Columbus discovered America in 1492, he found cotton growing in the Bahama Islands. By 1500, cotton was known generally throughout the world.
Cotton seed are believed to have been planted in Florida in 1556 and in Virginia in 1607. By 1616, colonists were growing cotton along the James River in Virginia.
Cotton was first spun by machinery in England in 1730. The industrial revolution in England and the invention of the cotton gin in the U.S. paved the way for the important place cotton holds in the world today.
Eli Whitney, a native of Massachusetts, secured a patent on the cotton gin in 1793, though patent office records indicate that the first cotton gin may have been built by a machinist named Noah Homes two years before Whitney’s patent was filed. The gin, short for engine, could do the work 10 times faster than by hand.
The gin made it possible to supply large quantities of cotton fiber to the fast-growing textile industry. Within 10 years, the value of the U.S. cotton crop rose from $150,000 to more than $8 milli